Few Changes in Nike/USA Lacrosse High School Girls' National Top 25

The top half of the latest Nike/USA Lacrosse High School Girls’ National Top 25 remains unchanged with several of those teams’ seasons completed, while the rest extended their years with state tournament runs. The bottom half of the rankings saw changes due to in-state results, including the addition of one new team, Suffern (N.Y.), which pushed into the state semifinals at winds up at No. 16.

The Northeast Region reflected the national rankings trend. The elite cruised comfortably to state semifinals, so there are no changes there, but there’s a lot of movement in Nos. 7-10 with Manhasset (N.Y.) knocking out Bayport-Blue Point (N.Y.) and Suffern (N.Y.) stepping in after booking their spot at SUNY Cortland for the New York State Class A semifinals, where it will meet Northport (N.Y.). Changes galore could be on the horizon in the final rankings of the 2022 season.

Only Pennsylvania and New Jersey teams remain active in the Mid-Atlantic Region. Archbishop Carroll (Pa.) stayed unbeaten and on course to defend its state championship. In New Jersey, Oak Knoll (N.J.) and Summit (N.J.) are on a collision course with quarterfinals of their state’s Tournament of Champions beginning this week. They wouldn’t meet until the final.

The South Region sits unchanged with all teams finished with their seasons that began ahead of most other regions, but the Midwest Region still saw plenty of big-game action and the movements show. New Albany (Ohio) took a comeback win over formerly unbeaten and No. 1 Upper Arlington to ascend to the top spot in the region. University School of Milwaukee (Wisc.) just started on its state tournament run, and Michigan teams also still have important games to play. Hinsdale Central (Ill.) was impressive enough in its shorthanded overtime state loss to force a tie for 10th in the rankings.

In the West, Jesuit Portand (Ore.) played its way back into the Top 10 with a state championship win over Lake Oswego (Ore.). Their third straight state crown propelled the unbeaten Crusaders back into the picture. The remainder of the region stayed intact as their seasons came to a close earlier.

Skip to: National | Northeast | Mid-Atlantic | South | Midwest | West

Rankings are compiled by regional reporters and a national content coordinator and updated weekly (Tuesdays) throughout the season. Team records are as of June 5.


June 7, 2022




St. Paul's (Md.)




Victor (N.Y.)




Glenelg Country (Md.)




New Canaan (Conn.)




Darien (Conn.)




Northport (N.Y.)




McDonogh (Md.)




Archbishop Carroll (Pa.)




Bronxville (N.Y.)




St. Anthony's (N.Y.)




Bryn Mawr (Md.)




Manhasset (N.Y.)




Archbishop Spalding (Md.)




Century (Md.)




Glenelg High (Md.)




Suffern (N.Y.)




Wantagh (N.Y.)




Ward Melville (N.Y.)




Bayport-Blue Point (N.Y.)




Sacred Heart (Conn.)




Baldwinsville (N.Y.)




Oak Knoll (N.J.)




Summit (N.J.)




Westhampton (N.Y.)




Massapequa (N.Y.)



Also considered (alphabetical order): American Heritage-Delray (Fla.), Colorado Academy (Colo.), Comsewogue (N.Y.), Episcopal (Pa.), Foothill-Santa Ana (Calif.), Garden City (N.Y.), Georgetown Visitation (D.C.), Good Counsel (Md.), Lake Highland Prep (Fla.), Maryvale (Md.), North Shore (N.Y.), Notre Dame Prep (Md.), Paul VI (Va.), Penn Charter (Pa.), Queensbury (N.Y.), Ridgewood (N.J.), Sayville (N.Y.), Severna Park (Md.), St. Anne's-Belfield (Va.), St. Stephen's & St. Agnes (Va.), Stone Ridge (Md.), Upper Arlington (Ohio), Wilton (Conn.)

Nike/USA Lacrosse High School Rankings
National Boys' Top 25 | National Girls' Top 25
Northeast Boys' Top 10 | Northeast Girls' Top 10
Mid-Atlantic Boys' Top 10 | Mid-Atlantic Girls' Top 10
South Boys' Top 10
| South Girls' Top 10
Midwest Boys' Top 10
| Midwest Girls' Top 10
West Boys' Top 10
| West Girls' Top 10


1. Victor (N.Y.), 19-1

Eva Pronti had three goals and four assists, Caitlin Keenan netted a hat trick, Olivia Bruno had two goals and two assists and Morgan Livingston added a pair of goals for Victor in a 16-2 win over Frontier (N.Y.) in the New York State Class B Western Regional. Victor will face Fayetteville-Manlius (N.Y.) in the state semifinals June 10. Previous: 1

2. New Canaan (Conn.), 19-2

Maddie Tully had four goals and one assist, Dillyn Patten had a hat trick, Sydney Patten and Katherine Byrne scored two goals apiece and Lexie Tully had one goal and three assists in an 18-1 win over South Windsor (Conn.) in the CIAC Class L quarterfinals. The Rams meet 10th-seeded Ridgefield (Conn.) in the semifinals. Previous: 2

3. Darien (Conn.), 19-1

Chloe Humphrey struck for five goals, Ryan Hapgood had three goals and one assist, Ceci Stein and Sadie Stafford had two goals and one assist apiece and Noelle Johnson had a pair of goals in a 15-2 win over Greenwich (Conn.) in the CIAC Class L quarterfinals. Top-seeded Darien will meet fourth-seeded Wilton (Conn.) in the semifinals. Previous: 3

4. Northport (N.Y.), 19-1

Kaylie Mackiewicz scored three goals, including the winner off an assist from Shannon Smith, who had a goal and two assists, with 1:23 left in the second overtime, Bella Germani had four goals, Julia Huxtable had a pair of goals and Meghan Morris made 11 saves in an 11-10 win over Massapequa (N.Y.) in the Long Island Class A championship game. It is the Tigers’ third consecutive Long Island title. Previous: 4

5. Bronxville (N.Y.), 19-1

Caroline Ircha had five goals, Megan Krestinski had four goals and three assists and Kiki Tormey and Molly Krestinski each scored hat tricks in an 18-1 win over Schuylerville (N.Y.) in the New York State Class D regional final. The Broncos will meet Cold Spring Harbor (N.Y.) in the state semifinals June 10. Previous: 5

6. St. Anthony’s (N.Y.), 15-3

The Friars saved their best for last, defeating Sacred Heart (N.Y.) 17-5 to capture a third straight CHSAA Class AA title in their most complete game of the season. Tess Calabria scored five goals, Ava Biancardi had three goals, Tanner Scarola had a goal and four assists, Meredith McPharlin had a goal and three assists and Lexie Zenk made 10 saves in the win. Previous: 6

7. Manhasset (N.Y), 14-3

After beating Wantagh (N.Y.) to win a county championship, Manhasset defeated Bayport-Blue Point (N.Y.), 8-6, in the Long Island Class C final, avenging a loss to the Phantoms in the Long Island final last year. Alexis Morton had four goals and Ashley Newman and Caitlin Barrett scored two goals apiece for the Indians, who face Burnt Hills-Ballston Lake (N.Y.) in the state semifinals June 10. Previous: 9

8. Suffern (N.Y.), 17-3

Jenna Myhal and Burns scored four goals apiece, Drab and Emma Muchnick each scored two goals and Aerin O’Brien was huge in the cage with key 8-meter saves to lead Suffern to a 12-9 win over Shenendehowa (N.Y.) in the NYS Class A regional final. The Mounties meet Northport (N.Y.) in the state semifinals. Previous: NR

9. Wantagh (N.Y.), 15-3

Madison Taylor had four goals and one assist, Madison Alaimo had two goals and two assists, Olivia Nicholson had a pair of goals and Juliana Cerasi had one goal and one assist in a 19-11 loss to Manhasset (N.Y.) in the Nassau Class C final. Previous: 7

10. Ward Melville (N.Y.), 17-2

The Patriots again pushed mighty Northport (N.Y.) to the brink, but again fell a goal short, losing 8-7 in the Suffolk Class A championship game. Grace Balocca had three goals and Jillian Gironda added a goal and two assists in the defeat. Previous: 8

—​ Dylan Butler


1. St. Paul’s (Md.), 17-1

The Gators repeated as IAAM A Conference champions. To do so, they had to knock off the only team to beat them in the regular season, and the Gators took a 15-7 win over Glenelg Country (Md.) in the conference final. Natalie Shurtleff was impressive down the stretch and finished her senior season with 62 goals, 20 assists, and 54 draw controls. Madison Beale always drew the top mark, and the four-year starter finished with 25 draw controls and 10 takeaways. Kendall Steer led the team with 55 draw controls and also scored 35 goals. Frannie Hahn finished with 98 points on 40 goals and 48 assists while captaining the offense. Lauren Steer scored 39 goals and added 32 assists for a balanced effort. Previous: 1

2. Glenelg Country (Md.), 17-2

The Dragons were the one team to beat St. Paul’s (Md.) in the ultra competitive IAAM A Conference, and their 20-7 win was a highlight in a history-making season. Glenelg has been climbing since moving up to the A Conference in 2017 after winning back-to-back B Conference titles. This season marked their first trip to the A championship game. Jaclyn Marszal scored 54 goals and had 67 assists to lead the team in points, including a 14-point game against St. Paul’s. Maggie Weisman had 56 goals and 72 draw controls. Regan Byrne scored 52 goals while missing four games. Stephanie Marszal had a 54 percent save rate to lead the defense. Previous: 2

3. McDonogh (Md.), 15-3

The Eagles fell to second-seeded St. Paul’s (Md.) in the conference semifinals on May 10 to end their season. Kori Edmondson finished the year with 80 goals, 10 assists, 77 draw controls and 10 caused turnovers. Caroline Godine scored 35 goals and led the team with 37 assists. Remi Schaller had 30 goals and 10 assists. Amanda Lawson finished with 48 draws, and Sydney Smith caused 21 turnovers. Previous: 3

4. Archbishop Carroll (Pa.), 22-0

Kiley Mottice had four goals and two assist and Brooke Wilson had a hat trick in a 19-8 win over Mount St. Joseph’s (Pa.) in the quarterfinals of the AA state tournament. Cate McConaghy and Mottice each finished with hat tricks in a 22-3 win over Gwynedd-Mercy Academy (Pa.) in the first round. Carroll will face Bishop Shanahan (Pa.) in the state semifinals June 7. Carroll went into the playoffs led this year by Mottice (UNC commit with 55 goals and 31 assists), Emma Talago (Loyola commit with 29 goals and 21 assists), Ava Bleckley (JMU commit with 41 goals, 69 draw controls, and 23 caused turnovers), Chloe Bleckley (32 goals, 11 assists and 37 draw controls), and  Machaela Henry (Xavier commit with 29 goals, 11 assists and 54 draw controls). Bridget Robinson, a Longwood commit, has only allowed 86 goals. Previous: 4

5. Bryn Mawr (Md.), 11-4

The Mawrtians fell to Glenelg Country (Md.) in the IAAM A Conference semifinals on May 10 to conclude their season but finished with their best record in a decade. Johns Hopkins commit Hannah Johnson finished with 109 draw controls and 54 goals. Maryland commit JJ Suriano is just a junior, but the goalie saved 125 shots at a 52 percent clip. Princeton commit Merrill Watson is another junior who will return after corralling more than 30 draw controls to go with 40 goals and 21 assists. Previous: 5

6. Archbishop Spalding (Md.), 13-4

The Cavaliers were the only team to beat Glenelg Country (Md.) in the regular season. Spalding also edged Notre Dame Prep (Md.) and played St. Paul’s (Md.) to a two-goal game. The Cavaliers nearly doubled last year’s win total. Bella Saviano (Yale commit) stood out with 45 goals and the midfielder marked opponents’ top players. Gabby Greene had 52 goals, and Lily Mullen led the team with 29 assists to go with 20 goals. A natural midfielder, Maddie Wrenn moved back to key the defensive end. Meave Cavanaugh finished with 41 goals and 14 assists, Reese Dowgiallo scored 40 goals, and Ally Keith had 51 points on 29 goals and 12 assists. Previous: 6

7. Century (Md.), 19-0

The Knights completed their second unbeaten season in program history. Century handled Hereford (Md.) 15-6 to win the Class 2A state championship. Lauren Hackett led the offense with 101 points on 58 goals and 43 assists, Caroline Little had 55 goals and 34 assists, Anna Hackett led the team with 78 goals and Jasmine Stanton scored 68 goals. Jane Brewer keyed the defense as a shut-down defender. Previous: 7

8. Glenelg High (Md.), 15-1

Second-seeded Glenelg concluded its season with an 8-7 loss to top-seeded Century (Md.) in the Class 2A West Region I final. The Gladiators won their first 15 games of the season. Previous: 8

9. Oak Knoll (N.J.), 19-4

The Royals are the No. 3 seed for the Tournament of Champions after winning the Non-Public, Group A state title with an 11-8 victory over Pingry (N.J.). Sophia Loschert scored four goals and Teagan Kocaj had two assists for the offense. Devon Gogerty also had two goals. Oak Knoll dispatched Kent Place (N.J.) 16-6 in the semifinals with Gogerty putting up five points on two goals and three assists, and Emma Ramsey scored four times. Oak Knoll plays Princeton Day School (N.J.) on June 7 with the winner facing second-seeded Morristown (N.J.), whom Oak Knoll beat in the regular season. Previous: 9

10. Summit (N.J.), 21-2

The Hilltoppers won the North Jersey, Group 2 final over Manasquan (N.J.) 14-6 to advance to the Tournament of Champions as the top seed. Lauren Riley had a hat trick and six draw controls as they won their first state title since 2017. Anya Wardle scored twice and added four assists. Summit stopped Mendham (N.J.) 13-9 in the group semifinals. Lily Spinner had four goals and Ashley Thomas had two assists to lead the attack. Summit will play the winner of Chatham (N.J.) vs. Haddonfield (N.J.) in the TOC semifinals. Previous: 10

—​ Justin Feil



1. Lake Highland Prep (Fla.), 18-2

The Highlanders defeated American Heritage-Delray (Fla.) to claim their second state title since 2019. Senior Jacqueline Jaskiewicz, a Georgetown recruit, led Lake Highland with 50 goals while senior and Franklin and Marshall College prospect Lauren Pittman had a team-leading 37 assists. Previous: 1

2. Milton (Ga.), 20-3

The Eagles claimed their fifth consecutive state championship, rallying from a late two-goal deficit to defeat Creekview (Ga.) 13-12. All three of Milton’s losses in 2022 were by a single goal. The Eagles’ season was highlighted with wins over Connelly School of the Holy Child (Md.) and Hillgrove (Ga.). Previous: 2

3. Hockaday (Texas), 20-1

The Daisies dominated Westlake (Texas) 20-8 in the state championship. The victory marked back-to-back state championships and the fifth overall in the program’s history. Hockaday’s season was highlighted with a win over Torrey Pines (Calif.). Previous: 3

4. American Heritage-Delray (Fla.), 18-3

The Stallions had a 26-game winning streak versus in-state opponents snapped in the state championship against Lake Highland Prep (Fla.). Carli Fleisher, a Northwestern signee, joined American Heritage-Delray to provide a team-leading 62 goals and 58 assists. American Heritage-Delray had significant out-of-state wins over Bayport-Blue Point (N.Y.) and Agnes Irwin (Pa.). Previous: 4

5. Bartram Trail (Fla.), 22-3

The Bears survived a pair of one-goal contests in the Florida 2A final four to claim a state championship, including an 8-7 win over Vero Beach (Fla.) in the finals. Ryann Frechette had an impressive campaign with 94 goals and 52 assists. Previous: 5

6. Steinbrenner (Fla.), 21-2

After losing just once in the regular season, the Warriors came one game short of reaching the title game for the second straight year. Steinbrenner fell to eventual 2A state champs Bartram Trail (Fla.) 5-4 on May 6. Junior midfielder Taylor Lapointe led Steinbrenner with 54 goals and 19 assists. Previous: 6

7. Blessed Trinity (Ga.), 22-1

The Titans closed out an impressive season with a 20-2 win over Northview (Ga.) to claim a Class A-5A title. Blessed Trinity defeated McIntosh (Ga.) 21-3 en route to the state championship. The victory marked back-to-back state championships for Blessed Trinity (Ga.). Previous: 7

8. Cardinal Gibbons (N.C.), 20-2

The Crusaders won their fifth title in program history, defeating Charlotte Catholic (N.C.) 13-9 in the state championship game after trailing 6-2 early on. Junior Gracie Mullahy’s three-goal, two-assist effort led Cardinal Gibbons in the championship. Mullahly’s younger sister Lexi shined in the state semifinal as Cardinal Gibbons defeated Holly Springs (N.C.) 25-16. The Mullahys combined for eight goals and seven assists in the semifinals. Previous: 8

9. Creekview (Ga.), 20-2

The Grizzlies came minutes shy and a goal short of stopping Milton (Ga.) from claiming its fifth state title. Creekview lost in the state championship 13-12 after holding a late 11-9 advantage. Creekview’s season was highlighted by wins over Starr’s Mill (Ga.) and Hillgrove (Ga.). Previous: 9

10. Bishop England (S.C.), 18-0

The Battling Bishops earned a South Carolina state title after defeating opposition by a combined margin of 337-27. Frances Poch and Elisabeth Tausig each contributed 105 points this season for Bishop England. Previous: 10

—​ Justin Boggs


1. New Albany (Ohio), 21-2

The Eagles showed their ability to perform in the clutch with three straight victories by three goals or fewer en route to a state title. Down three with three minutes and change remaining in the state title game against Upper Arlington (Ohio), junior Abby Cole powered New Albany's remarkable rally with two goals in the final 1:46 of regulation while Maddy Paz provided the game-winner in overtime as both tallied four goals in the 13-12 win. Previous: 3

2. Upper Arlington (Ohio), 22-1

The Golden Bears' quest for an undefeated season ended in heartbreaking fashion with a 13-12 loss to rival New Albany in the state title game. It wasn't just the closeness of the game that hurt. It was also that the Golden Bears led by three with just over three minutes remaining before the Eagles staged a marvelous comeback. Camryn Callaghan had a strong season finale for UA with four goals after scoring seven apiece in a state semifinal against Sycamore and a regional title game against Dublin Coffman (Ohio). Previous: 1

3. New Trier (Ill.), 24-2

The Trevians' state title game victory over Hinsdale Central (Ill.) was no less epic than their earlier postseason win against Loyola Academy (Ill.), as New Trier rallied from deficits of 6-2 and 9-4 and ultimately won on a Grace Curry goal in overtime. Five Trevians players topped 60 points this season: Claire Ratke, Emma Curry, Grace Curry, Kennedy Meier and Addie Shevitz. Previous: 4

4. Loyola Academy (Ill.), 17-6

The Ramblers didn't have a bad loss all season with their only two Midwest defeats coming to Land of Lincoln state champion New Trier. Seniors Adrienne Leone (80 goals, 26 assists) and Maeve Dwyer (63 goals, 40 assists) both topped the 100-point mark for the Ramblers. Previous: 5

5. Jackson (Ohio), 20-2

The Polar Bears followed an emotional victory over rival Hudson (Ohio) with a strong effort against eventual state champion New Albany (Ohio) in the state semifinals, ultimately falling 10-7. Jackson actually jumped out to an early 4-1 lead, helped by a pair of Lauren Pallotta goals. Pallotta ultimately scored four for the Polar Bears, who were tied with the Eagles at seven with roughly 20 minutes to go before New Albany shut Jackson out the rest of the way. Previous: 2

6. Guerin Catholic (Ind.), 20-0

Unflappable all year, the Golden Eagles had the perfect response after Carmel (Ind.) came back late to tie the game, with Katherine Constantino winning a draw that led to the game-winning goal for senior Mariah Ross. Guerin Catholic also showed poise when Carmel took a 3-1 lead, rallying to score three of the game's next four goals, including a pair of scores from Clare Alic. Previous: 6

7. University School of Milwaukee (Wisc.), 16-1

The Wildcats were dominant in their tournament opener against Cedarburg (Wisc.), with six different players recording multiple assists, including seniors Grace Tuttle (five goals, two assists), Molly Janssen (four goals, two assists) and Brooke Robinson (three goals, two assists). Previous: 7

8. Forest Hills Northern (Mich.), 20-1

The Huskies' magical season continues on following a 7-6 Region 1 title game victory over Rockford (Mich.). Next up, FHN will play Hartland (Mich.) in the state semifinals. Previous: 8

9. Carmel (Ind.), 18-3

The Greyhounds never quit fighting in their state title game against Guerin Catholic (Ind.). Down 6-4 with 1:32 remaining, Carmel won two straight draws and tied the game thanks to two straight goals from freshman Sophie Mock. Two of the Greyhounds' three losses came by a goal apiece to the Golden Eagles and their only other defeat came against New Trier (Ill.). Previous: 9

T10. Kentucky Country Day (Ky.), 24-3

The Bearcats' 24-win campaign included an absurd 152-point season from Sarah Beth Burns (92 goals, 60 assists) with Megan Robertson (55 goals, 38 goals) also approaching the 100-point mark. Previous: 10

T10. Hinsdale Central (Ill), 20-5

The Red Devils showed plenty of heart in forcing overtime in their state title game against New Trier (Ill.) despite playing without midfielders Angie Conley (Notre Dame) and Lanie Randle. Senior midfielder Annette Ciupek stepped up for Hinsdale Central, scoring four goals, while junior attacker Emily Brankin also tallied a hat trick. Previous: NR

—​ Jonah Rosenblum


1. Foothill-Santa Ana (Calif.), 21-1

The Knights repeated as CIF Southern Section champions, beating Santa Margarita (Calif.) 18-9 in the final. They ended the season on a 17-game winning streak, following a one-goal loss to St. Ignatius Prep (Calif.), and finished with four wins against West-ranked teams. Previous: 1

2. Colorado Academy (Colo.), 18-1

The Mustangs won their seventh consecutive state title, beating Valor Christian 13-9 in the Class 5A final for their eighth overall championship. They also won a title in 2000 before the current run. CA sent long-time coach Laura Sandbloom off on a high note as she is stepping down to move closer to family. Previous: 2

3. St. Ignatius Prep (Calif.), 19-2

The Wildcats topped Sacred Heart Prep (Calif.) 11-10 to claim the CIF Central Coast title. Their lone losses were to Colorado Academy and Cherry Creek (Colo.), and they outscored their opponents 349-119. Previous: 3

4. Valor Christian (Colo.), 15-4

The Eagles finished as state runners up for a second straight season, falling to Colorado (Colo.) 13-9 in the final. Valor had lost to the Mustangs earlier in the season by four goals, and those were its only in-state losses. The Eagles’ two other defeats were against Florida Class 1A champion Lake Highland Prep and Florida Class 2A runner up Vero Beach. Previous: 4

5. La Jolla (Calif.), 15-4

The Vikings avenged their 2021 CIF San Diego Open final loss to Scripps Ranch (Calif.), beating the two-time defending champions 9-8 to claim this year’s title. La Jolla had advanced with a 20-7 win over Cathedral Catholic (Calif.) in the semifinals. Previous: 5

6. Fairview (Colo.), 15-3        

The Knights steamrolled ThunderRidge (Colo.) in the quarterfinals but couldn’t avenge an early-season loss to Valor Christian (Colo.) in the Class 5A semifinals. Just like their one-goal loss in the second game of the season, they just came up short, falling 15-14 in overtime to the eventual runner-up. Fairview’s only other loss was against Colorado Academy (Colo.) in the season opener. Previous: 6

7. Santa Margarita (Calif.), 17-3

The Eagles lost to Foothill (Calif.) for a second time this season, failing to win the rematch of their March 1 defeat in the CIF Southern Section final. They avenged their only other loss to Redondo Union (Calif.) by winning their semifinals rematch May 7. Previous: 7

8. Mercer Island (Wash.), 15-1

After two years without playoffs (and no season at all in 2020), the Islanders finally had a chance to repeat as state champions. The senior class that was part of the last Washington state title in 2019 finished the way it started, beating Issaquah (Wash.) 15-3 in the final. Previous: 9

9. Jesuit Portland (Ore.), 17-0

Sydney Partovi saved a free possession shot from 15 yards out in the final minutes to seal a 12-11 win over Lake Oswego (Ore.) in the Oregon Girls Lacrosse Association state final as the Crusaders claimed a third consecutive championship. Before COVID-19 ended the state championships of the 2020 and 2021 seasons, the Crusaders won the 2019 state championship, also beating Lake Oswego by a goal. Previous: NR

10. Redwood (Calif.), 21-3

The Giants claimed their first North Coast Section Division I championship, beating San Ramon Valley (Calif.) 14-12 in the final May 12. Redwood split games with Marin Catholic (Calif.) this season, winning the rematch, and its other losses were by one goal to Sacred Heart Prep (Calif.) in March and to St. Ignatius (Calif.). Previous: 10

—​ Laurel Pfahler


Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, Rhode Island, Vermont

Mid-Atlantic: Delaware, Maryland, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Virginia, Washington D.C., West Virginia

South: Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas

Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, Wisconsin

West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, Wyoming